The State Of Maryland
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Constituent State of the United States of America, Maryland. It lies in the center of the Eastern Seaboard, in the middle of the great commercial and population complicated that extends from Maine to Virginia, one of the original 13 states. From the low-lying and water-oriented Eastern Shore and Chesapeake Bay location 2Chesapeake Bay is 193 miles (311 km) long and 3 to 25 miles (5 to 40 km) wide. It is formed by the submergence of the lower courses of the Susquehanna River and its tributaries. Virginia borders the southern part of the bay, and Maryland borders its northern portion. The sheltered, nutrient-rich waters of the Chesapeake Bay supported vast populations of fish, shellfish and other marine life until the latter half of the 20th century., through the metropolitan hurly-burly of Baltimore, its biggest city, to the forested Appalachian foothills and mountains of its western reaches, its small size underlies the great diversity of its landscapes and of the ways of life that they foster.
Maryland was named by a grateful Cecilius (Cecil) Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, who was granted a charter for the land in 1632, to honor Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Located on Chesapeake Bay, Annapolis, the state capital, is about equidistant from Baltimore (north) and Washington, D.C. (in the west).
As a pivot between the North and the South, geography has given Maryland a role in U.S. history. The famous Mason and Dixon Line drawn in the 1760s to settle disputes between the Penn and Calvert families and traditionally regarded as the border between the North and the South, is its northern border with Pennsylvania. To the south, the Potomac River, a symbolic barrier during the American Civil War, forms much of the border with Virginia. The District of Columbia (co-terminous with the city of Washington, D.C.), a small enclave ceded to the site of the national capital by Maryland in 1791, lies on the north bank of the Potomac. East of the Chesapeake, the Delmarva Peninsula shares the Eastern Shore with Delaware to the north and Virginia to the south. In the mountainous west is the panhandle of Maryland, which is joined by a narrow waist to the rest of the state and interlocks with West Virginia’s eastern panhandle. Area (32,131 square km): 12,406 square miles. 5,773,552 population (2010); (2019 est.) 6,045,680.
The Land in Maryland
The Coastal Plain covers about half of the land area of Maryland, leading to the region called the Piedmont Plateau at a fall line running through Baltimore from the northern tip of the District of Columbia and near the state’s northeastern corner. The gateway to the Appalachians forms the Catoctin ridgeline in the west.
The area east of Chesapeake Bay, the Eastern Shore, is flat with extensive wetlands. There is a maximum elevation of 100 feet (30 meters above sea level. Generally speaking, the area west of the Chesapeake, called the Western Shore, is flat, but some low hills reach heights of 90 to 120 meters (300 to 400 feet). With the exception of the urban areas of Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Salisbury, and Ocean City, most of the Coastal Plain is farmland with small rural communities.
The Appalachian Mountains share of Maryland includes a number of forested barriers, with many of the intervening valleys still uncleared. The highest point in Maryland, at 3,360 feet (1,024 meters), is Backbone Mountain, hugging the West Virginia line. britannica.com – Maryland
Culture & Interesting facts from Maryland
A lot of the unique culture of Maryland can be traced back to its aristocratic founders, the Barons of Baltimore, George Calvert and his son, Cecil. In the United Kingdom, Calvert was a famous politician and gentleman, and the Calverts brought to their Catholic colony with them a number of their gentlemanly traditions. The jousting tournament was the most esoteric of these. The knightly contest of the joust was rather foreign in most of the U.S.-it was widely popular in Maryland. In reality, it was so popular that during the Civil War, jousting tournaments were used to fundraise. With the founding of the Maryland Jousting Tournament Association, the modern history of jousting in Maryland began in 1950. Today, the association still promotes jousting in the state, and was partly responsible for declaring it the sport of the state in 1962. The state flag, which is the heraldry of Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore, is another aristocratic holdover in Maryland. It combines the heraldry of both the noble houses of his parents.
US. U.S. Marine Academy
The U.S. Naval Academy is the United States’ second oldest federal military academy, and one of U.S. military history’s most influential institutions. During the Civil War, the academy was used as a hospital. In the subsequent decades of U.S. development overseas, the U.S. The Navy has become one of the key strategic assets of the country. Obviously, the Naval Academy has played an important role in training officers. For its football team, the USNA is perhaps equally well-known to the public; the Navy football team, represented by its mascot Bill the Goat, is one of the most popular in the country, and its rivalry match against the West Point army football team is one of the largest games in college sports.
The Capital of America for Sailing
The Chesapeake Bay dominates the state of Maryland, with a majority of the state being coastal. With its huge maritime shipping and fishing industries, the Chesapeake is the largest and most productive bay in the United States. The picturesque waters, the warm climate and the food all draw enormous numbers of visitors. Although the claim is challenged by Rhode Island, Maryland has a long-standing reputation as America’s sailing capital, if not the world. Many seafaring recreationists are hosted by the state, whether on yachts or sailboats, as well as a large number of kayakers going along the many rivers flowing into the bay. The skipjack, a local sort of sailboat used for harvesting oysters, is also home to the Chesapeake. infoplease.com – Maryland